The precious beans were jealously guarded as trade spread through the Middle East, and exported beans sterilized to ensure the monopoly. It had reached North Africa and Turkey by the end of the 1500s, arriving India when the pilgrim Babu Adan allegedly smuggled 7 coffee beans back home in the 1600s. The Dutch would later propagate and plant coffee trees in India and South & Central America, and begin to trade in Europe the golden beans known as Koffie.
The Turkish people are said to have been the first to introduce Paris to the drink they called Kave, made from roasted coffee beans ground to a flour and mixed with hot water in a small glass. The French called it Le Café.